Medicinal mushroom products have increased in popularity over the past decade. From mushroom coffee to mushroom chocolate, there are plenty of options. Dual extraction mushroom tinctures are another great way to get the health benefits of mushrooms!
Mushroom tinctures are a convenient way to get your daily functional mushrooms. It’s easy to add a dropperful to smoothies, coffee and other foods. Some medicinal mushrooms are difficult to digest in their pure powder form, so extraction helps make them more bioavailable.
Tinctures are a popular way to extract nutrients and flavor from herbs. These use alcohol to extract the beneficial components from the plant and bring them into liquid. Common examples are vanilla extract or herbal tinctures. You can also use glycerin (glycerites) or vinegar (herbal vinegar) to extract the compounds, but these are not technically tinctures.
Another way to remove is plain old water! Things like peppermint tea, marshmallow root infusion, and elderberry decoction (to make elderberry syrup) use water as a menace. These have a much shorter shelf-life than alcohol tinctures. Water also extracts different nutrients than alcohol.
In double extraction, both water extract and alcohol extract of the same plant are mixed together. Typically, you would do one or the other, but for mushrooms, there are advantages to doing double extraction. Water leaches out beta-glucans and polysaccharides, while alcohol leaches out triterpenes.
How to make mushroom tincture
There are a lot of different opinions on the best way to make a mushroom mixture tincture. There isn’t a ton of evidence behind different approaches, it’s more a preference. After researching different variations, this is the mushroom extraction method I’ve settled on.
First of all, put finely chopped or ground dry mushrooms in a clean jar. If the pieces are too large they may not be able to be removed as well. And fresh, wet mushrooms are more likely to spoil. I used mushroom powder, but you can also use bait and dried mushrooms.
These mushrooms remain immersed in wine for 2-4 weeks. After filtering, pour the alcohol into a clean jar and keep the mushrooms safely. Some people use the same mushrooms to extract water, while others use new mushrooms.
Next, you will boil the mushrooms in water for a while and then strain them. Finally, the alcohol and water extracts are combined.
Which mushrooms to use for mushroom tincture
There are lots of options here. You can use just one type of mushroom or a mixture of several. Some mushrooms, such as shiitake mushrooms and maitake, taste good in soups and stir-fries. Other mushrooms are more bitter and work best mixed into things or as tinctures. Many of them are also nootropics that help the brain.
There is also some debate over which part of the mushroom is best. The fruiting body is the part of the mushroom that is above the ground. Mycelium is the underground part. Research shows that the mycelium in some mushrooms has some benefits, but most of the time it is not as potent.
Here’s a brief overview of some of the different options and their health benefits!
- Lion’s mane (Hericium erinaceus) – Supports the immune system and cognitive function. It is also rich in antioxidants, improves memory and mood, and reduces inflammation.
- Rishi (Ganoderma) – Reishi mushroom has been used in Chinese medicine for thousands of years. It helps regulate the immune system, prolongs healing time, and may have protective effects against cancer. It is an adaptogen that helps protect the heart, liver, brain, and more.
- Chaga ,inonotus obliquus) – Rich in nutrients, supports the immune system and improves metabolism, strength and stamina.
- turkey tail ,trametes versicolor) – Supports the immune system, helps gut health, contains antioxidants, and helps reduce inflammation.
- Cordyceps – Enhances energy and athletic performance and has anti-aging and immunity-boosting properties. They also support healthy blood sugar balance and protect the liver and heart.
More ways to get medicinal mushrooms
If you don’t want to make your own mushroom tinctures many places offer high quality tinctures. four sigmatic If you want to get mushroom supplements in pill or powder form this is my favorite place. Plus they make great coffee and cocoa!
How to Make Dual-Extraction Mushroom Tincture
This recipe uses both water and alcohol for a more potent mushroom tincture. Use any dried medicinal mushrooms or a mixture of several types if you like!
Yield: 16 ounce
- ¾ cup mushroom powder (or finely chopped mushrooms)
- 1 and ¼ cup 190 proof alcohol
- 4 cup filtered or distilled water (or more)
Place the mushrooms in a glass jar and pour alcohol on top. Put the lid on the jar.
Let the mixture sit for 2-4 weeks, stirring daily.
Strain the mushroom powder from the alcohol through cheesecloth and keep both aside. Pour the infused alcohol into a clean glass jar and place the mushrooms in a clean container.
Add water to the pot and heat the mixture on the stove. Simmer slowly for 2-4 hours, adding more water if necessary to prevent burning. You want the liquid to reduce by about half.
Strain the mushrooms from water and make compost.
You want to take equal amounts of alcohol and water extract. So if you have 1 cup of alcohol tincture, you would use 1 cup of water infusion. Add additional water or boil the water until its volume equals the alcohol mixture.
Pour the water mixture into a clean mason jar.
Next, slowly add the alcohol mixture while stirring. This helps prevent the polysaccharide from separating too much from the solution.
To use, pour some of the mushroom tincture into a glass dropper bottle and refill from a mason jar as needed.
- Store your mushroom extracts in a cool, dry place away from direct heat and sunlight.
- Take one dropperful in liquid once a day or as desired.
- If your mushrooms are in large pieces, add them and the alcohol to a blender after they’ve soaked for a few hours. This is an easy way to grind them. Some mushrooms, like chaga, are really hard and may not blend well.
Do you try to make medicinal mushrooms a part of your daily routine? What are your favorite ways to use them?